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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 18, 2013 4:00pm-4:30pm PST

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algeria, there is confusion about the face of those taken hostage. hundreds of foreign workers have reportedly been freed, but there are still conflicting reports about the number that might have been killed. the secretary of state level the incident an act of terror. the correspondent has the latest. >> one of the survivors of the attack, the of jury in state television has shown pictures of some that have escaped the gas complex including some for britain starting their journey home. they are just as confused about details of first hostage taking and then the algerian military response. >> obviously, yes. we still don't know what is happening. i cannot say.
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>> i feel safe for the moment, but i don't know. if the guy is still there, hopefully, it will be on there. >> david cameron said that a algeria's prime minister told him troops were still pursuing terrorists and their remaining hostages. >> a judge there to be an immediate threat in the lives of hostages and felt obliged to respond. the number of british citizens at risk was less than 30. we now know that number has been quite significantly reduced. >> what do we know about this crisis? the installation is located in remote desert in the east of the country close to the libyan border. they were attacked undercover of
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darkness. the first targets were buses on route to an airfield. two workers were killed including a britain. then the compound was seized and hostages taken. he went to the nearby gas processing plant itself, and on thursday, security forces waited hard, apparently convinced that they were planning to flee into the desert, taking hostages with them. >> there is great uncertainty, but he is known to be among the number of spots that survived. he told his wife he had explosives tied around his neck. >> to describe the experience that was truly horrific. and it is clear from what she told me, unfortunately, there are a number of kidnapped victims that have not been as
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fortunate. dodge and this is the man accused of masterminding the attack. a senior commander until last year. he also specialized in kidnap for ransom and cigarette smuggling to finance operations. both japan and the united states are victims of this attack. japan sharply critical of the response. they said the utmost care must be taken to preserve life. >> we will not rest until we do as much as we can alone and in concert with our partners to restore security to this vital region and to bring those that would terrorize and kill innocent people to justice. dodge the ordeal for others goes on.
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james robbins, bbc news. >> for more on the threat in out here, he formerly served as ambassador to iraq and national security adviser in the bush administration. when you were at the white house, was al qaeda in north africa ont he radar? >> yes, it was. we looked at the whole system holistic lee. there were relatively inactive because of jury instead taken effective steps with some encouragement of the united states. with the situation involving in libya, there has been a lack of government control and a huge swath of the region.
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an explosion of uncontrolled weapons and to some of these groups, we see this in algeria and it should be seen by one campaign from the french fighting to what is going on in algeria. we have had many laws of unintended consequences and the middle east. think of the effort to get the soviets out of afghanistan and what it led to. this is a characteristic of the region, not a characteristic of bad politics. it was good to get rid of gaddafi and the soviets. from the pakistan border to the atlantic ocean, you will have something like this, get ready for it and deal with it. >> are they the same ideologically as al qaeda in
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iraq? >> there are experts that can talk about that. by and large what they represent is extreme for the political islamic theological movements including using violence with anybody that disagree with them. that is what is in common for all of these organizations. calling them al qaeda is loose association. a few years earlier, they invited the city terrorists in iraq to join them as well. so you get these offshoots that are only loosely connected organizations. but they do have a similar theological and political agenda. >> how much of a threat do they represent to americans here?
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>> of algeria is an important energy exporter and an important country. this is a threat to of jury out. we see the expansion of rebels and these groups coming in, this is a potent threat and a huge area that needs to be dealt with. >> to syria where the bbc team has found evidence of a massacre that takes place on the edge of palms. our international correspondent has just returned from the village and it contains images some viewers might find distressing. >> of the army took the stand. the villages just around the corner from -- the army took us in.
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the village is just around the corner. there is a powerful sense of shock. one woman starts telling her story as soon as she sees us. they stormed into my house, she told me. they slapped my face, they stripped me and my daughters. most of the killings took place in houses down this hill. they have cleared the area and taken away the bodies. they persuaded us to take another route. in the first house they take as to -- us to a charred body. there is a bullet hole in the center of the forehead. full horror emerges.
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there is blood on the cement and a body is straddling the doorway. there is one sprawled in the yard. the positions suggest they were trying to flee. these people have been shot and burned. a bottle of fuel is still there. further inside this compound, another grim discovery. a trail of blood from the kitchen. at least two people seem to have been killed here, their bodies dragged away. the floor is still littered with bullet casings. unheard around the back, even more bodies. a woman in her bed.
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>> the soldier with us as hundreds of men came across the fields. he says they were from an islamist group hamas and the extremists. >> people worry this is part of sectarian violence. >> these villages support the government. >> others gave us the same account in front of the several -- in front of the soldiers. one person managed to speak to us off-camera. she told us the army was going to be there that day. some had apologized saying others were acting without orders. this was the work of pro- government militia.
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recycling sphere has criticized lance armstrong's interview with oprah winfrey last night. they claimed it was part of a job, like having air in his tires. they have urged armstrong to make a full disclosure to the anti doping authority. with more on the admission and the fallout, i spoke with the co-author that joined us from new york. >> we are joined from new york. it was if enough of a confession by lance armstrong for you? >> there is the first few feet
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of that mountain and i spent two years working on this book. a fascinating world that they live then. the details of how they did it are fascinating and crucial to this story. >> what was it light seeing him coming clean about not being clean? gosh we knew that -- >> we knew what he was going to say, but to see the defiance, the hesitation felt like an unsuccessful therapy session and in front of 4.3 million people. i think he does this because he realizes -- he is in shock. he went from joan of arc to attila the hun and a short amount of time and he has always
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loved risk. it was a high risk and high reward way to apologize and frankly, it didn't work. >> did he introduced doping the cycling or was it the other way around? >> of the culture goes way back to the early 1900's. the difference was his arrival was timed exactly with oxygen vector doping which improved endurance by about 20% and made a massive difference. he was the one that was entrepreneurial, aggressive, assertive to really exploit that. the combination of his character with the history of doping made for an historic fraud. >> can there be rehabilitation now? >> that is the question. last night did him no favors and i don't think anyone that didn't like him like him after seeing
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what we saw last night. but it is a doorway that he has to go through. there is no other way to admit. i saw my co-author tyler hamilton, his lieutenant, go to the same process where it is very difficult to admit all at once. it is like excavating a giant city underneath the sand, it takes time to dig out. dodge do you feel -- dodger do feel it is confined to cycling? >> is a lot of high-end sports. if you have a culture where there are not a lot of regulations, the fear of being caught, the desire for competitive people to win, he will get this pattern. the psychology is the same.
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the story is bigger, it is a story about culture and the answers lie in how you create a culture that helps people away from cheating as opposed to tilting them toward cheating? >> still to come on tonight's program. china's economy is not as hot as it used to be. it has the government is scrambling to find a new spark. onstage, the ballet world is known for its beauty and grace. behind-the-scenes today, there has been a brutal force. the artistic director has been seriously injured after someone threw acid in his face. for more on the possible motive, here is our washington correspondent. >> one of the stars. he graces the famous stage.
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and still a high-profile figure. here he is with the head of the grand reopening of the theater just over a year ago. but last night, he was attacked outside of his apartment block, and and and amassed through asset from the bottle into his face and fled. he received serious burns and was rushed to hospital. doctors had been battling to save his sights. today, a deep sense of shock. >> impossible. how it isderstand possible. >> why was he targeted? one theory put forward by the ballet is that he made enemies in his role of artistic director. >> he is the one that decides so
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many things and every time a decision is made, -- >> they had recently expressed concern over growing intimidation. his car tires had been slashed. now he has suffered a physical attack which sent shock waves through the world of russian culture. >> fear that china's economy is the envy of the world, but leaders have unveiled a the country is growing its slowest rate in more than a decade. >> through the grind, the sun barely cheyennes. the industrial area on the banks of the river.
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one of the biggest in the world. they employ 80,000 people. as china boomed, so did his business. but china is slowing and they are struggling to make a profit. slowdown means it is too much iron and steel being produced. they are being told to cut production and not allowed to cut large numbers of jobs to save money. >> the dilemma. a giant state firms dominate parts of the economy. many are inefficient. where will new jobs come from? >> is like winter for the steel industry. to get through, we need to reform and diversify. >> despite problems, the city is one of the fastest-growing parts of china.
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the relentless drive to urbanize has reached in the inland cities. leaders of this building spree can't go on forever. the economy needs reform. to replace the old ways and encouraging spotless new industries. and what it now craves. they make screens for mobile phones. what china wants its future to look like. >> in the past, china succeeded by producing on a massive scale. low-quality, but low cost. we're losing that advantage and we have got to change. >> the new leaders want to see more of this. a new up-market shopping
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district. western brands are opening here, hoping that the change will be good for them. in the future, china wants to rely less on overseas, more on domestic consumers. rising in come means rising spending. the new middle class is forging a new path for this city built on steel. >> it has been 50 years since martin luther king made his i have a dream speech future, chie washington mall. the national holiday dedicated to the memory of the civil rights leader. the first black president will be sworn in for his second term. has the dream unfulfilled? that is a topic the historian has been assessing. >> hope this was the biggest excitement of my teenage years.
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i had never been to a demonstration before. there was such a nifty undertaking. i could see it was part of this, something big was happening. i wanted to be part of this event and part of this movement. the author of the legacy of martin luther king jr.. quite frankly, i could not have imagined myself the professor of history at stanford university editing martin luther king. these are things that were beyond my imagination as a young black teenager whose opportunities were quite limited at that time. >> because of that opel vision and the moral imagination,
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barricades began to fall and bigotry began to fade. doors of opportunity swung open for an entire generation. >> he was very much influenced by martin luther king and in his heart, he sees his vision being close to martin luther king. there was that moment where he received the nobel peace prize and he made the distinction between, saying that he can't be like them because i have to deal with this radical evil called terrorism. as if they did not have to deal with the radical evil of their time. king never held political office. i assume if he had, he would have seen as his overriding responsibility to deal with the
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people at the bottom of the social structure, the people that don't have the opportunity. and if that is what you use political power to accomplish. it is something that has been achieved. at the end of his life, my dream has been unfulfilled. and this notion of an unfulfilled dream is what he died for. i think we are still at that stage with unfulfilled dreams. >> the historian there on dr. king and his legacy. monday, we will bring you live coverage throughout the day. president obama gets sworn and for his second term in office. for all of us, thank you for watching and have a good weekend.
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>> make sense of international news at >> funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you?
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>> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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- hi, neighbour! today we're going to visit my school for the very first time! and then we're going to my doctor's office to see dr. anna. will you come with me? ok, let's go!
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is made possible in part by... the richard king mellon foundation. dedicated for over sixty years to south western pennsylvania's quality of life, and competitive future. and by these pittsburg foundations. working together to enhance and enrich the lives of children for more than seventy-five years. and by the arthur vining davis foundations. dedicated to strengthening america's future through education. adcasting, dedicated to strengthening america's future and contributions to your pbs station, from viewers like you. n the neighbourhood ♪ and contributions to your pbs station, ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbour ♪ ♪ would you be mine? ♪ could you be mine? ♪ won't you be my neighbour?
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- ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ a land of make-believe ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ so much to do, so much to see ♪ ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ i've got lots of friends for you to meet ♪ ♪ in this land of make-believe ♪ a friendly face on every street ♪ just waiting to greet you ♪ it's a beautiful day in the neighbourhood ♪ ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbour ♪ ♪ in daniel tiger's neighborhood! ♪ - hi neighbour! come on in! today i'm going to visit my new school. do you go to school? i'm going to see what my new school will be like. will you come with me? i'm feeling a little nervous. - ugga mugga, daniel tiger. are you ready to go see your new school? - yes. i mean... no. - no? hmm.
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you know what i always say: - ♪ when we do something new ♪ let's talk about what we'll do ♪ - ♪ when we do something new like go to school! - ♪ let's talk about what we'll do ♪ so, let's talk. hmm. will we play with... hmm. blocks? - oh, yes. lots of blocks at school. - hmm! but i'll bring my red block... just in case. (mom chuckles.) - just in case. what else? - mmm... will we read books at school? - oh, yes! your teacher will read all sorts of books. - but maybe i should bring my favourite tigey the adventure tiger book... just in case. - huh! good idea! - mmm... and my tigey,


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